CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF RUSSELIA EQUISETIFORMIS (SCH.&CHAM.) AERIAL PARTS
Eman M. Ahmed, Samer Y. Desoukey, Mostafa A. Fouad*, Mohamed S. Kamel
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, Minia, 61519 Egypt
Keywords: Russelia equisetiformis, Chemical features, Bio-activity, Aerial parts
From the aerial parts of Russelia equisetiformis, eight compounds were isolated (1–8) and identified by different spectral techniques as well as comparison with reported data or authentic samples. The isolated compounds included an alkane (n-pentatriacontane) (1), a mixture of ß-sitosterol and stigmasterol (2), a triterpene (lupeol) (3), a mixture of ß-sitosterol- and stigmasterol-1-O-ß-D-glucopyranosides (4), a phenylpropanoidglucoside (4-Allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol-1-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside(5), a flavonoid (vitexin) (6) and the two closely related phenylethanoids (acteoside) (7) and isoacteoside (8). The anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antihyperglycemic activities were carried out on different plant fractions.
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