GEOLOGY TO ADVANCED GEOSCIENCES, THE EMERGING STRATEGIES FOR CRITICAL CHALLENGES
Ferid DHAHRI
1. University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES15 Sedimentary Environments, Petroleum Systems and Reservoirs Characterization, Tunis, 2092, Tunisia 2. University of Gafsa, Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, Gafsa, 2112, Tunisia
Keywords: Advanced Geosciences, Earth, Society, Challenges.
Abstract

The historical retrospective and the current state of knowledge on the various branches of geology evince an evolution from a pre-scientific geology (15th - 18th century) to a concise and multidisciplinary sciences based on vigorous concepts and application of specific principles and methods that developed since the 19th century. In about one century, geoscientist have used several tools (physics, chemistry, biology, chronology, mathematics and informatics) to understand the geology and the evolution of the dynamic Earth planet and how its system works in a broader context encompassing the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere and how it evolved to its current state. A revolution in the earth sciences started in 1960s with the emergence of the theory of plate tectonics which have been acknowledged and accepted few years later. In fact, all geologic processes on local, regional and global scales are directly or indirectly influenced by plate tectonics; this latter is also blamed for slowly (and instantaneous) evolving environmental change and for many catastrophes over time (earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis and landslide. The achieved developments resulted in a broad understanding of the Earth planet and led to expand the basis of geosciences education and then, open doors to the exploration and the extraction of major’s natural resources.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2017
Volume:2
First Page:4
Last Page:5
Publisher Id:Adv Geosci (2017 ). 2. 4-5
Article History:
Received:July 10, 2017
Accepted:September 3, 2017
Collection year:2017
First Published:December 9, 2017

Editorial

GEOLOGY TO ADVANCED GEOSCIENCES, THE EMERGING STRATEGIES FOR CRITICAL CHALLENGES

Ferid DHAHRI

1.       University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES15 Sedimentary Environments, Petroleum Systems and Reservoirs Characterization, Tunis, 2092, Tunisia

2.       University of Gafsa, Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, Gafsa, 2112, Tunisia

 

Keywords: Advanced Geosciences, Earth, Society, Challenges.

 

The historical retrospective and the current state of knowledge on the various branches of geology evince an evolution from a pre-scientific geology (15th - 18th century) to a concise and multidisciplinary sciences based on vigorous concepts and application of specific principles and methods that developed since the 19th century. In about one century, geoscientist have used several tools (physics, chemistry, biology, chronology, mathematics and informatics) to understand the geology and the evolution of the dynamic Earth planet and how its system works in a broader context encompassing the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere and how it evolved to its current state (Gundersen, et al., 2011; Karagözoglu, 2017). A revolution in the earth sciences started in 1960s with the emergence of the theory of plate tectonics which have been acknowledged and accepted few years later (Kious, Tilling, 1996). In fact, all geologic processes on local, regional and global scales are directly or indirectly influenced by plate tectonics; this latter is also blamed for slowly (and instantaneous) evolving environmental change and for many catastrophes over time (earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis and landslides…). The achieved developments resulted in a broad understanding of the Earth planet and led to expand the basis of geosciences education and then, open doors to the exploration and the extraction of major’s natural resources (water, energy and mineral resources).

Indeed geosciences are involved in the main natural science challenges to endeavor economic, environmental and social issues facing the world today (Gundersen, et al., 2011; Jouzel, 2009; Rowan, Leahy, Zoback, 2008). We believe that the current global topic of geosciences in a world with changing needs and growing population is, on the one side, to contribute in providing solutions to society's most challenging problems as much as insuring the main critical needs for natural resources, environmental quality, and resilience to hazards while sustaining the Earth system and, on the other side, to enhance further knowledge of the Earth planet in attempt to unveil some of the unsolved fundamental problems in earth sciences (Schopf, Hayes, Walter, 1983). Regrettably human activities (quarrying and mining industries, manufacturing, agriculture, landscaping…) have altered many terrestrial ecosystems (Crutzen, Stoermer, 2000) and continues to impact dramatically natural environments and habitats.

The community of geoscientists should be engaged in a global strategy to build consensus knowledge to face the current and future challenges and address the society’s critical needs. In this issue many appointments and perfections are required and classic geosciences must evolve to a more Advanced Geosciences to resolve specific and critical issues. Advanced geosciences can be developed as outgrowth of cooperation and exchanges of ideas among geoscientists and other related disciplines. Independent and collaborative initiatives can bring the society beyond their global challenges if they are shared and discussed appropriately. Consortium Publication provides an open platform for geoscientist and interdisciplinary researchers who are motivated to participate in knowledge building and sharing worldwide. The main goal targeted by all of these collaborations is to provide the knowledge and the ingenuity to insure the growing needs of society in term of natural resources while sustaining the Earth system through a successful conservation and management of earth ecosystems.

References

Gundersen, L., Belnap, J., Goldhaber, M., Goldstein, A., Haeussler, P. J., Ingebritsen, S. E., ... & Back, J. M. (2011). Geology for a changing world 2010-2020: Implementing the US Geological Survey science strategy. US Geological Survey, 1369, 1. Retrieved from http://pubs.usgs. gov/circ/circ1369.

Karagözoglu, B. (2017). Science and Technology from Global and Historical Perspectives.

Kious, W.J., & Tilling, R.I. (1996). This dynamic Earth: the story of plate tectonics. DIANE Publishing.

Jouzel, J., (2009). Climate Change: The Post-Kyoto Challenges. In BRGM (Eds.), 10 core Challenges for the Geosciences. Special Issue, (pp. 10-15). Retrieved from http://www.brgm.eu/news-media/10-core-challenges-geosciences

Rowan, L., Leahy, P. P., & Zoback, M. (2008, December). Critical Needs for the Twenty First Century: The Role of the Geosciences. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts.

Schopf, J.W., Hayes, J.M., Walter, M.R. (1983). Evolution of earth's earliest ecosystems- Recent progress and unsolved problems. Earth's earliest biosphere: Its origin and evolution (A 84-43051 21-51). Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press. 1983;361-384.

Crutzen, P. J., & Stoermer, E. F. (2000). Global change newsletter. The Anthropocene, 41, 17-18.


© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits
Editor in Chief
Angela Calia (Ph.D)
Senior Researcher, National Research Council (CNR) Institute of Archaeological Heritage. Monument and Sites (IBAM) University Campus Prov.le Lecce - Monteroni 73100 Lecce Italy

Bibliography

Prof. Dr. Angela Calia Ph.D is Senior Researcher, National Research Council (CNR) Institute of Archaeological Heritage. Monument and Sites (IBAM) University Campus Prov.le Lecce - Monteroni 73100 Lecce Italy. Her research interest include Geology, Geochemistry, Environment, Thin Films and Nanotechnology, Mineralogy, Engineering Geology, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage and Petrophysics. Prof. Calia has recently completed the research project entitled “NDT evaluation of historic masonries structures” and “Microscopic techniques and multi-analytical approach for the knowledge and conservation of materials and artifacts of the Cultural Heritage”. 

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: Adv Geosci
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/25205978 
Frequency: Annual
Current Volume: 2 (2017)
Next volume: December, 2018 (Volume 3)
Back volumes: 1-2
Starting year: 2016
Nature: Online
Submission: Online
Language: English
Browse Contents

Indexing
  1. AATA Online, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90049 USA.
  2. Cross Ref
  3. Index Copernicus
  4. Google Scholar
  5. MediaFinder 
  6. MediaFinder -  77,000+  Publications
  7. OCLC WorldCat 
  8. J-Gate

Subject & Scope
  • Ecology, 
  • Biostratigraphy, 
  • Geochemistry, 
  • Geochronology, 
  • Geophysics, 
  • Marine Geochemistry, 
  • Marine Geophysics, 
  • Marine Surveying, 
  • Oceanography, Palaeontology, 
  • Sedimentology, 
  • Spectral Geology, 
  • Ecological and Environmental Sciences, 
  • Environmental Geoscience, 
  • EarthSci Geology, 
  • Geology & Physical Geography, Environmental Sciences, 
  • ?Geo-Environmental Engineering and 
  • Geodesign.

Consortium Publisher is an online publisher that enjoys global presence with International Journals

Follow Us

©2009 - 2018 Consortium Publisher Canada

Contact Info

6252 Lisgar Dr Mississauga Ontario L5N7V2 Canada
+1 (647) 526-0885
office@consortiumpublisher.ca
http://www.consortiumpublisher.ca/