GEOLOGY TO ADVANCED GEOSCIENCES, THE EMERGING STRATEGIES FOR CRITICAL CHALLENGES
1. University of
Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, UR11ES15 Sedimentary
Environments, Petroleum Systems and Reservoirs Characterization, Tunis, 2092,
2. University of
Gafsa, Faculty of Sciences of Gafsa, Gafsa, 2112, Tunisia
Keywords: Advanced Geosciences, Earth, Society, Challenges.
The historical retrospective
and the current state of knowledge on the various branches of geology evince an
evolution from a pre-scientific geology (15th - 18th century) to a concise and
multidisciplinary sciences based on vigorous concepts and application of
specific principles and methods that developed since the 19th century. In about
one century, geoscientist have used several tools (physics, chemistry, biology,
chronology, mathematics and informatics) to understand the geology and the evolution
of the dynamic Earth planet and how its system works in a broader context
encompassing the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere and how it evolved to
its current state (Gundersen, et al., 2011; Karagözoglu, 2017). A
revolution in the earth sciences started in 1960s with the emergence of the
theory of plate tectonics which have been acknowledged and accepted few years
later (Kious, Tilling, 1996). In fact, all geologic processes on local,
regional and global scales are directly or indirectly influenced by plate
tectonics; this latter is also blamed for slowly (and instantaneous) evolving
environmental change and for many catastrophes over time (earthquakes,
volcanoes, tsunamis and landslides…). The achieved developments resulted in a
broad understanding of the Earth planet and led to expand the basis of geosciences
education and then, open doors to the exploration and the extraction of major’s
natural resources (water, energy and mineral resources).
Indeed geosciences are involved in the main natural science
challenges to endeavor economic, environmental and social issues facing the
world today (Gundersen, et al., 2011; Jouzel, 2009; Rowan, Leahy,
Zoback, 2008). We believe that the current global topic of geosciences in a
world with changing
needs and growing population is, on the one
side, to contribute in providing solutions to society's most challenging
problems as much as insuring the main critical needs for natural resources,
environmental quality, and resilience to hazards while sustaining the Earth
system and, on the other side, to enhance further knowledge of the Earth planet
in attempt to unveil some of the unsolved fundamental problems in earth
sciences (Schopf, Hayes, Walter, 1983). Regrettably human activities (quarrying
and mining industries, manufacturing, agriculture, landscaping…) have altered
many terrestrial ecosystems (Crutzen, Stoermer, 2000) and continues to impact
dramatically natural environments and habitats.
The community of geoscientists should be engaged in a global
strategy to build consensus knowledge to face the current and future challenges
and address the society’s critical needs. In this issue many appointments and
perfections are required and classic geosciences must evolve to a more Advanced
Geosciences to resolve specific and critical issues. Advanced geosciences can
be developed as outgrowth of cooperation and exchanges of ideas among geoscientists
and other related disciplines. Independent and collaborative initiatives can
bring the society beyond their global challenges if they are shared and
discussed appropriately. Consortium Publication provides an open
platform for geoscientist and interdisciplinary researchers who are motivated
to participate in knowledge building and sharing worldwide. The main goal
targeted by all of these collaborations is to provide the knowledge and the
ingenuity to insure the growing needs of society in term of natural resources
while sustaining the Earth system through a successful conservation and
management of earth ecosystems.
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