Editor in Chief
Yurii Orlovskii
Dr.Sc., Ph.D
Leading Scientist, Laser Materials and Technologies Research, Center, General Physics Institute, RAS 38 Vavilov st., bld. 4, 119991, Moscow, Russia

Bibliography

Dr. Yurii Orlovskii Dr.Sc., Ph.D is Leading scientist, Department of Laser Materials and Photonics of the Laser Materials and Technologies Research Center (LMT RC) of A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute (GPI) Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Half time Research Fellow Faculty of Physics and Chemistry, Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Estonia.  Dr. Orloski completed his Doctor of Sciences (Physics and Mathematics), General Physics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, on November 20, 1998. He completed his Sciences (equivalent of Ph.D.), General Physics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Solid State Physics. The diploma of Highest Education (equivalent of Master of Sciences), Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow, Russia, Electronic Technique awared in 28.02.1981. 

So his research interest include the optical properties of laser crystals, ceramics, dielectric nanocrystals and nanocomposites doped by rare-earth ions and transition metals ions. Experimental and theoretical aspects of nonradiative relaxation, energy migration and energy transfer in nanocrystals. Photonic crystals (opal-like matrixes). Experimental and theoretical aspects of multiphonon relaxation and energy transfer of the optical excitations in solids. Physics of mid IR lasers. Pulsed tunable solid state (including color centers) lasers. Time-resolved fluorescence site- selective spectroscopy of solids, nanosecond correlated photon counting. Other research interests include the development of laser-based techniques for environmental monitoring and medical diagnostics, optical and quantum computers. You may his further information here.

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: J Exp Phys
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/2520-5994
Frequency: Annual
Current Volume: 2 (2017)
Next volume: December, 2018 (Volume 3)
Back volumes: 1-2
Starting year: 2016
Nature: Online
Submission: Online
Language: English

INTERRELATION OF EXPERIMENT AND THEORY
Vasiliy Karlovich Balkhanov
Institute of Physical Materials Science of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude City, Russia.
Keywords: Invariance, thermodynamic functions, interrelation
Abstract

It is well known that the experiment will always say yes or no. Theory only will say "maybe." Experiment always requires time and investment. Enough theory to simply lie back on the couch. For the experiment often requires sophisticated ingenuity. The theory relies on the same fundamental laws, for example, the theory of relativity or quantum mechanics. However, the direct applicability of fundamental laws is often impossible due to the mathematical difficulties. Me in my scientific activity, to describe the results of measurements be used various ways to address emerging challenges. Briefly describe some of them.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2017
Volume:2
First Page:4
Last Page:5
Publisher Id:J Exp Phy (2017 ). 2. 4-5
Article History:
Received:December 13, 2017
Accepted:December 19, 2017
Collection year:2017
First Published:December 27, 2017

I'll start with the most important. My wish experimenters. In his statement in detail describe the conditions of the experiment. When negligent description of the experiment created by theory is often incorrect. If, in the course of the experiment, something went wrong, please note, can you stand at the threshold of the opening! History knows many such cases. For example, the opening of the induction of electric currents, or the discovery of X-rays by Röntgen. There are a great many such stories.

It is well known that the experiment will always say yes or no. Theory only will say "maybe." Experiment always requires time and investment. Enough theory to simply lie back on the couch. For the experiment often requires sophisticated ingenuity. The theory relies on the same fundamental laws, for example, the theory of relativity or quantum mechanics. However, the direct applicability of fundamental laws is often impossible due to the mathematical difficulties. Me in my scientific activity, to describe the results of measurements be used various ways to address emerging challenges. Briefly describe some of them.

Method 1 - decomposition of thermodynamic functions in a number of small parameter. In connection with the discovery of the Lake Baikal ice giant rings. I have developed the theory of education of a giant rotating convection column of water in the form of the toroidal core of education. This rotation allows you to convey to the upper layers of water heat from bottom source of heat, which causes convective rotation [DOI: 10.1134/S1063784213110054]. Ice begins to slightly melt. This leads to a decrease in ice thickness, which is noticeable from the near-Earth orbits as a giant rings. Here arose the task of heat distribution in the thickness of ice. For this task I spread in several thickness and minimized its free energy. In doing so, it turned out that the resulting. Act of thinning ice is already known, and is called the law of Stephen - growth or thinning of ice depends on the square root of time.

Method 2 – attracting large-scale invariance. When electromagnetic waves propagation in inhomogeneous many values are dependent on medium apart sedate way. For a description of the power patterns there are two methods. The first one is percolation, when you enter the set power indicators. The second method -theoretic-field, which lets you set the power scorecard to reduce to two arbitrary. However, B. Mandelbrot coined the generic power indicator - fractal dimension. This means that to describe the scale-invariant processes the remaining two arbitrary power indicator must be expressed through one fractal dimensionality. To solve this problem I've scaled them spatial coordinate and time. In doing so, had to introduce special power indicator, which is called the dimension of wandering. This indicator describes the wanderings of electromagnetic waves in inhomogeneous medium. Left to express the dimension of wandering through fractal dimension structure of heterogeneous medium. That for electromagnetic processes the product dimension of wandering and fractal dimension of strictly equal to 1.

Applying the developed an extensive theory to the equations of Maxwell, managed to describe the huge experimental material. All these results in addition to journal articles collected in my book [http://ipms.bscnet.ru/publications/src/2013/FractGeomet.pdf], that, unfortunately, available only in Russian.

Method 3 – guessing the functional regularities directly from experimental results. As is well known, from astronomical observations for the lensing effect fluctuations of the CMB and the accelerated expansion of the universe were discovered dark matter and dark energy. In addition, starting from 30 years of the last century, since Zwicky, it was found that the rotation of galaxies is not subject to the law of Kepler - square radius of orbit is proportional to the cube of the rotation period. It turns out that the central part of the galaxies rotating as a solid body rotation speed is directly proportional to the distance from the center of the Galaxy. Further, according to the law of Kepler, rotational speed must decrease with distance from the Center. However from observation it was determined that the rotational speed remains almost constant, experiencing small fluctuations. To describe a new pattern, size dimension weight painted in three parts.  The first one is normal weight, the second term describes the dark matter. The third term, directly proportional to the distance from the center of the Galaxy, called dark energy. Just a suggestion that dark energy is directly proportional to the distance from the center of the Galaxy and allows you to describe the observed rotation of galaxies.

The methods discussed show that researchers need a thorough description of the experiment. Only in this case it is possible to create a good theory.

As you know, the purpose of the research work is obtaining new knowledge. Only in this case you may receive investment, production, and create new devices, to facilitate our lives. This is the most noble goal of work - facilitating the lives of millions of people and their communication with each other.


© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits
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