METHODS FOR THE PREPARATION OF RECIPES AND ITS USES FOR CURING DIFFERENT DISEASES REPORTED FROM DISTRICT BANNU
Rehman Ullah Khan, Sultan Mehmood Wazir, Saad Ullah Khan, Rafi Ullah
Department of Botany, University of Science & Technology Bannu, Pakistan.
Keywords: Preparation, Recipes, Curing, Diseases, Bannu.
In the present study 47 recopies belonging to 44 genera, and 34 families were studied. Plant name, constituents, preparation method, frequency distribution and recipes multifunctional nature were given in methodical manner. The local population had good knowledge about the medicinal plant and appropriate time of collection. Younger generation is disregard about indigenous uses of different medicinal plants, but the old inhabitants still acquires knowledge about how to use the wild resources. The plants use for abdominal pain were Aloe vera, Chenopodium murale, Foeniculum vulgare, Lepidium sativaum, Portulaca oleraceae, Mentha longifolia, Menthe viridis, Papaver someniferum, Punica protopunica, Rumex hestatus, Thymus sarphylum and Verbescum thapsus. Some were used as tonic like Acacia modesta, Calotropis proceera, Olea ferruginea, Zathoxylum armatum, Melia azedarach, Tribulus terrestris, Vitex negundo, and Teucrium stocksianum, while other were used against diarhoea i.e Punica protopunica, Verbascum thapsus, Quercus incana, Plantago lanceolata, Pinus roxurghii, Papver somniferum, Myrtus cummunis and Mentha longifolia were commonly used plants. For body cooling Adiantum capallis veneris, Ajuga breteosa, Cichorium intybus, Portulaca oleraceae, Nasturtium officinale, Pistacia integerrima and Tribulus terrestris were frequently used. Similarly plants used as expectorant were Justacia adhatoda, Calotropis procera, Pinus roxburghii, and Zyziphus sativa, while plants used as antispasmodic were Justacia adhatoda, Berberis lycium and Datura stramonium, the plants used as jaundice were Berberis lycium, Cichorium intybus, Nasturtium officinale, Pistacia integerrima, and Teurium stocksianum, while Verbascum thapsus, Zizphus sativa, and Salvia moorcrotiana were used as emollient. The vegetation of the area was found to be under high biotic pressure such as deforestation and overgrazing. Ruthless collection of medicinal plants had threatened their existence and more plants are becoming vulnerable due to the destruction of their habitat.