Canadian Journal of Applied Sciences

ISSN: 1925-7430
Short Key Title: Can J App Sci
Start Year: 2011

Muhammad Shoaib Akhtar
1 Department of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Pakistan 2 Department of Home Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan 3 Staten Island Hospital, New York, USA,
Keywords: Diabetes, diabetic complications, retinopathy, nephropathy, gangrene.

The diabetic complications have become a world health problem. They prevail throughout the world but their percentages differ in different areas due to cultural influences. Therefore, we have determined prevalence of complications of diabetes in the rural population of district Jhang (Pakistan). For this purpose, a performa was developed and information was collected from two hundred and ten (210) diabetic patients about their age, sex, height, socioeconomic status, educational status, type of diabetes, duration of diabetes, age at diagnosis, blood pressure and blood sugar levels ( fasting and random) and the symptoms of diabetes. Mainly the complications were compared with different variables or risk factors like diet, type of diabetes, obesity, sugar levels and uncontrolled diet. Retinopathy, carbuncles, pregnancy and hypertension complications in both sexes had non-significant (P>0.05) relationship with controlled diet but significant (P<0.05) with uncontrolled diet. Nephropathy and neuropathy showed significant relationship with controlled diet and non-significant with uncontrolled diet. Retinopathy, neuropathy and gangrene in both sexes were highly significantly (P<0.001) related with both types of diabetes. Pregnancy complications were also highly significantly related with obesity and random sugar levels and all other complications were non-significantly different from obesity and random as well as fasting sugar levels. Logistic regression model on the whole data showed that age, diet, diagnosis age and random sugar levels were significantly related with the prevalence of diabetic complications. While weight, blood pressure and fasting sugar levels had no relationship with the complications.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
First Page:43
Last Page:49
Publisher Id:CanJAppSci (2011 ). 1. 43-49
Article History:
Received:May 16, 2011
Accepted:August 7, 2011
Collection year:2011
First Published:July 1, 2011

© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits
Editor in Chief
Xianghui Qi (PhD)
Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China


Dr. Xianghui Qi is working as Professor in the School of Food & Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, China. His research interests: Biosynthesis of high value-added chemicals by microbes and engineered strains; Discovery of novel genes, enzymes and new strains; Rational & Irrational design of microbial enzymes; Isolation, identification and evolution of microbes; Metabolic engineering & Pathway engineering of functional microbes, and biotransformation; Metabolic regulation based on the research of microbial omics; Application of high value-added products including functional sugar alcohols by biosynthesis and biotransformation based on microbial engineered strains.

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: Can J Appl Sci
Frequency: Annual
Current Volume: 7 (2017)
Next scheduled volume: December, 2018  
Back volumes: 1-7
Starting year: 2011
Nature: Online
Submission: Online
Language: English

Subject & Scope
  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics and Biometric
  • Chemical Technology
  • Dentistry and Hygiene
  • Environmental Health, Safety and Allied Sciences
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Health Management
  • Medical Sciences
  • Molecular/ Cellular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Theoretical Models (health, life and clinical practice)
  • Veterinary, Fishery and Animal Biology

Consortium Publisher is an online publisher that enjoys global presence with International Journals

Follow Us

©2009 - 2019 Consortium Publisher Canada

Contact Info

6252 Lisgar Dr Mississauga Ontario L5N7V2 Canada
+1 (647) 526-0885