Canadian Journal of Applied Sciences


ISSN: 1925-7430
Short Key Title: Can J App Sci
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/19257430
Start Year: 2011

ENDEMIC AND RARE PLANTS OF HUZURLU PLATEAU (GAZIANTEP, TURKEY)
Yusif ZEYNALOV*
Igdir University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Landscape Architecture, Igdir, Turkey.
Keywords: Endemic plant, Rare Plant, IUCN, Huzurlu Plateau, Gaziantep Turkey
Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate flora of the Huzurlu Plateau in Gaziantep located in the south-east Anatolia region of Turkey. For this aim, during the floristic surveys of the Huzurlu Plateau in Gaziantep province of the Turkey, 715 species of 331 genera belonging to 85¬ family were recorded. Of all the collected specimens, 29 and 91 taxa were found to be rare plants and endemic, respectively, for Turkey. According to IUCN categories, 2 were Critically Endangered (CR) and 10 were Endangered (EN) of total 12 taxa recorded in this study area, besides, 101 taxa (84%) for Gaziantep and 32 taxa (26%) were new records for C6 grid square of the collected endemic and rare plants. As a result, this is the first study of investigating the flora of the Huzurlu Plateau in Gaziantep province, at the south-east Anatolia region of Turkey.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2013
Volume:3
First Page:57
Last Page:75
Publisher Id:CanJAppSci (2013 ). 3. 57-75
Article History:
Received:May 13, 2013
Accepted:July 5, 2013
Collection year:2013
First Published:July 1, 2013

INTRODUCTION

Turkey includes different habitations due to its geographic location, geologic and geomorphologic formation and the presence of various soil groups and various topographic conditions at a least distance. Turkey has a rich flora because of not only being affected by 8-10 different phytogeographic zones but also having different climate patterns. The climate of Turkey is characterized as pluvial and so its mountains and high parts are invaded by plants originated from Euro-Siberian [1]. In Turkey, approximately 10,500 taxa including sub-species and varieties were recorded [2]. However, in recent studies this record has reached approximately 12.000 [3].

Huzurlu Plateau is located in the east of Islahiye district in Gaziantep province and between Hatay and Osmaniye border. The ridges surrounding Huzurlu Plateau, rich out to North East-Southwestand belonging to Amanos mountain range and also are localized around the south line of Anatolian Diagonal. Mediterranean diagonal is a system which consists of mountains and valley and constitutes migration pathway of taxa from North to South of Turkey, for this reason, most of Northern plants migrated to South on this range in the glacial period [4]. A part of this research was performed phytosociologically by [5] and the present results from this study were implicated in the flora of Turkey. However, to our knowledge, vegetation and floristic studies are scarce. Therefore, this study is expecting to contribute to the flora of Gaziantep province, the south-east Anatolia of Turkey.

The Euro-Siberian elements from this research area can be explained by the migration of these species from the north to the south in the Glacial period. The migration pathway of taxa is the range and valley system which begins from Gumushane province and reclines to the East Toros and Amanos mountains. This system named the Anatolian Diagonal consists of a mountain which sets apart with the East Anatolia and the Central Anatolia. This range reaches ahead of the East Toros Mountains in South and then it bifurcates into the Amanos and the Toros Mountains.

No regular floristic study was conducted for our research area except the phytosociological study of Amanos [5]. Recently, the floristic and vegetation studies have been carried out in the South-East Anatolia, for example, “The Flora of the Berit Mountain” [6], “The Contributions to the Flora Of Karacadag” [7], “The Vegetation of the Engizek Mountain” [8], “The Vegetation flora of the high mountain step of Ahiri Berit, Binboga and the Oksuz Mountains” [9], “The Flora Of the Koruyaz Mountain” [10], “The Flora Of the Baskonus Mountain” [11], “The Flora of The North Ceyhan Valley” [12], “The flora of the Dörtyol and the Erzin (Hatay)” [13], “The vegetation of the Nemrut Mountain (Adiyaman)” [14], “The Flora of the Ceylanpinar” [15, 16], The Morphological Investigation on the Natural Species of the Poaceae family in Malatya” [17].

The present study was designed to identify to the flora of Gaziantep province, the south-east Anatolia of Turkey.

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The collected plant samples were dried in the press according to the standards of the herbarium method. The botanical identification in the present study was recognized on the basis of the book with title “the Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Vol. 1-9 (1965-2000)”.  In the identification of plant samples, trino-cular stereomicroscop (Ivymen ZO2) was used. Identified plant samples were stored as herbarium materials in the Herbarium of Biology Department, Science and Arts Faculty, Gaziantep University.

The specimens were photographed by Fuji Fine Pix 600 and Olympus C7070 Wide Zoom digital cameras during the study area. The threatened categories were proposed for endemism according to the IUCN categories and “Red Data Book of the Turkish Plants” was used for this aim [18].

 

RESULTS

During the floristic study of Huzurlu Plateau, 715 taxa were detected. Among those, 29 and 91 were found to be rare taxa and endemic, respectively, for Turkey (Figure 2). Of the collected taxa, 101 were new records for Gaziantep province and 32 were new records for C& grid square (Figure 5).

The Fabaceae family was found with the highest number of species (19). The genera with the highest number of species were Lamiaceae (10), Asteraceae (7) and Liliaceae (7), respectively (Figure 7).

The genera with the highest number of taxa were Astragalus (11), Salvia (4) and Verbascum (4) (Figure6).

All endemics and rare taxa in the study area were evaluated based on the IUCN risk categories [18].

The distribution of the treat categories of 120 endemics and rare taxa is as follows: 2 taxa CR (Centaurea haussknechtii Boiss and Satureja amani P. H. Davis) 10 taxa EN (Ferula amanicola Hub.-Mor. et Pesmen, Cirsium cassium Davis et Paris, Onopordum bracteatum Boisss et Heldr var. arachnoideum S. Erik ET H. Sümbül., Arenaria scariosa Boiss., Cephalaria amana Rech, Teucrium paederotoides Boiss. Et Hausskin, Allium karamanoglui Koyuncu et Kollmann, Asparagus cooidei P.H. Davis, Kitaibelia balansae Boiss., Poa speluncarum Edmondson), 6 taxa DD (Astragalus cephalotes Banks et Sol var. brevicalyx Eig, Colutea istria Miller. Gard, Stachys petrokosmos Rech. Fil., Rosa sicula Tratt, Scrophularia hyssopifolia Boiss et Hausskn, Scrophularia scopolii [Hoppe ex] Pers var. nusairiensis (Post) Lall), 35 taxa VU and 67 taxa LR. As regards richness of plant and the presence of threatened species, it is necessary to protect richness of plants for this area by improving protection strategies at least time for this purpose, we suggest Huzurlu Plateau to be accepted as a natural sit area or National Park instead of a tourism area (Figure 3).

The distribution of a taxa according to a phytogeographic region is as follows: Mediterranean (56), IRano-Turanian (30), Euro-Siberian (6) (Figure 4).

 

DISCUSSION

The present paper is the first study of identifying the flora of the Huzurlu Plateau in Gaziantep province located in the south-east Anatolia region of Turkey.

Totally, 120 endemics found in Amanos Mountains were recorded in this research area studied, meaning that the area is an important plant area. The presence of Euro-Siberian region elements among the collected plants can be explained by the fact that the research area lies on the pathway of transport and shelter for plants of the Glacial Period.

Appendix

Plants

Endemic or Rare

IUCN Categories

Family: Acanthaceae

1.                   

Acanthus dioscoridis L. var. perringii (Siehe) E. Hossain*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu plateau, Plateau Center, 1400-1500 m, 18.05.2006, Zeynalov 1600

 

Endemic

VU

Family: Aceraceae

 

 

2.                   

Acer pseudoplatanus L.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Bileydik valley margins, 1300-1400 m. 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1661

Rare

VU

Family: Amaryllidaceae

 

 

3.                   

Leucojum aestivum L.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Bileydik Valley, Havsu hill foots, 1300-1400 m, 13.05.2003,  Zeynalov 1066

Rare

VU

Family: Apiaceae

 

 

4.                   

Ferula amanicola Hub.-Mor. Et Pesmen,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar bald south foot, open place, 1450-1500m, 1450-1500m, Zeynalov 1417

Endemic

EN

5.                   

Scaligera capillifolia Post.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1481

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Araceae

 

 

6.                   

Arum dioscoridis Sm. var. luschanii R. Mill,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau road, margins, between rokcs, 1500-1550 m, 20.04.2004, Zeynalov 1349

Endemic

LR (cd)

Family: Asteraceae

 

 

7.                   

Achillea nobilis subsp. kurdica Hub. Mor.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, 1500-1600 m, 23.09.2006, Zeynalov 1698

Endemic

LR (cd)

8.                   

Achillea nobilis subsp. sipylea (O. Schwol) Bössler*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, 1500-1600 m, 23.09.2006, Zeynalov 1699

Endemic

LR (nt)

9.                   

Anthemis pauciloba Boiss. var. pauciloba Boiss.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley road sides, 1350-1400m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1072

 

Endemic

LR (lc)

10.               

Anthemis tricornis Eig.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, 1400-1450 m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1074

Endemic

LR (nt)

11.               

Anthemis wiedemanniana Fish. et Mey.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill Place, 1450-1550 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1426

Endemic

LR (lc)

12.               

Centaurea haussknechtii Boiss,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 11.06.2005, Zeynalov 1505

Endemic

CR

13.               

Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss et Kotschy,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Road Side, 800-900 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1614

Endemic

LR (nt)

14.               

Centaurea sclerolepis Boiss,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Forest Side Open place, 1400-1500, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1080

Endemic

VU

15.               

Cirsium cassium Davis et Paris*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca foots, Forest opens, 1500-1600 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1617

Endemic

EN

16.               

Cirsium leucopsis DC.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place, 1500-1600 m, 23.09.2006, Zeynalov 1702

Endemic

LR

17.               

Leucocyclus formosus Boiss subsb. amanicus (Rech. Fil) Hub.-Mor. Et Grierson*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Road Side, 1400-1500 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1530

Endemic

LR (nt)

18.               

Onopordum bracteatum Boisss et Heldr var. arachnoideum S. Erik ET H. Sümbül.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Havsu Hill Foots, 1400-1500 m, 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1680

Endemic

EN

19.               

Tanacetum coccineum (Willd.) Grierson subsp. chamaemelifolium (Somm. Et Lev.) Grierson*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Open rocky place, 1600-1700 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1545

Rare

VU

Family: Betulaceae

 

 

20.               

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertner subsp. antitaurica Yalt.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Valley Side, 1300-1350m, 16.09.2003, Zeynalov 1326

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Boraginaceae

 

 

21.               

Nonea stenosolen Boiss et Bal*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Forest Below, rocky place, 1500-1600 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1635

Endemic

LR (lc)

22.               

Onosma bracteosum Hausskn et Bornm*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Open placelar, 1500-1600 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1637

Endemic

LR (lc)

23.               

Onosma inexspectatum Teppner.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Road Side Open place, 900-1000 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1638

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Brassicaceae

 

 

24.               

Alyssum murale Woldst et Kit var. haradjiani (Rech.) Dudley*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  Place, Three Hill  place, rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1559

Rare

VU

25.               

Alyssum peltarioides Boiss. subsp. virgatiforme (Nyar) Budley*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill -Hafsu place, Open placeda, 1450-1550 m, 22.06.2003, Zeynalov 1204

Endemic

LR (lc)

26.               

Conringia grandiflora Boiss. et Heldr.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, field Side, 1400-1500 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1572

Endemic

LR (cd)

27.               

Isatis tinctoria L. subsp. tinctoria L.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau  Road Side, Open place, 800-900 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1459

 

Endemic

LR (lc)

28.               

Isatis candolleana Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley road sides, slope (Open place), 1350-1400m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1164

Rare

VU

29.               

Thlaspi cilicicum (Boiss.) Hayek.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hanife Hill, South slope, 1550-1600m, 12.07.2003, Zeynalov 1300

Endemic

LR (cd)

Family: Campanulaceae

 

 

30.               

Campanula axillaris Boiss et. Bah.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, field Side, 1400-1500 m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1079

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Caprifoliaceae

 

 

31.               

Lonicera caucasica Pallas subsp. orientalis (Lam.) Chamb. et Long*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik-Kansiz valley place, Slope-Open placeda, 1350-1400 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1168

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Caryophyllaceae

 

 

32.               

Arenaria acerosa Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare, Open place, 1900-2000 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1606

Endemic

LR (lc)

33.               

Arenaria scariosa Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare, Open place, 1900-2000 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1607

Endemic

EN

34.               

Cerastium kotschyi Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Road Side, 1400-1500 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1570

Rare

VU

35.               

Dianthus polycladus Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill place, Forest inside, 1450-1500m, 27.09.2003, Zeynalov 1332

 

Rare

VU

36.               

Minuartia dianthifolia (Boiss.) Hand.-Mazz. subsp. cataonica Mcneill*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Forest Below, 1500-1600 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1533

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Convolvulaceae

 

 

37.               

Convolvulus galaticus Rostan ex Choisy.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, field Side, 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1439

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Crassulaceae

 

 

38.               

Rosularia globulariifolia (Fenzl) Berger*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hanifemezari Hill, rocky place, 1600-1700 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1538

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Dipsaceae

 

 

39.               

Cephalaria amana Rech*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place, Hilllik place, Open place, 1500-1600 m, 18.05.2003, Zeynalov 1135

Endemic

EN

Family: Euphorbiaceae

 

 

40.               

Euphorbia anacampseros Boiss. var. tmolea M. S. Khan*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill Place, Open place, 1600.1700 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1447

Endemic

VU

Family: Fabaceae

 

 

41.               

Astragalus aintabicus Boiss.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Slope-Open place, 1400-1450 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1142

Endemic

LR (cd)

42.               

Astragalus barbeyanus Post,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare Hill, South slopes, 1750-1800 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1143

 

Rare

VU

 

 

 

 

43.               

Astragalus campylosema Boiss. subsp. campylosema Boiss*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Road Side, 1350-1400m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1144

Endemic

LR (lc)

44.               

Astragalus cephalotes Banks et Sol var. brevicalyx Eig.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1075

Endemic

DD

45.               

Astragalus commagenicus (Hand.-Mazz.) Sirj.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare Hill, South slope, 1750-1800 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1145

Endemic

LR (lc)

46.               

Astragalus densifolius Lamb.

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Slope-Open place, 1400-1450m, 25.10.2002, Zeynalov 1059

Rare

VU

47.               

Astragalus melanocephalos Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley road sides, Open place, 1350-1400m, 22.06.2003, Zeynalov 1206

Rare

VU

48.               

Astragalus pennatus Bunge subsp. pennatus Bunge*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Forest Side, 1400-1500 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1514

Endemic

LR (nt)

49.               

Astragalus plumosus Willd. var. plumosus Willd.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, YaglipinarBare Hill, South slope, 1750-1800 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1146

Rare

VU

50.               

Astragalus schizopterus Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place, Havsu Hill foots 1500-1600 m, 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1664

Rare

VU

51.               

Astragalus setulosus Boiss et Bal.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1609

Rare

VU

52.               

Colutea istria Miller. Gard*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik valley place, Forest inside, 1300-1400 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1571

Rare

DD

53.               

Genista lydia Boiss var. antiochia (Boiss) P. Gibss*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  place, Open place, 1450-1550, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1093

Rare

VU

54.               

Lathyrus laxiflorus (Desf.) O. Kuntze. subsp. angustifolius (Post et Dinsm.) Davis.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley road sides, Road Side, Slope-Ormam inside, 1400-1500m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1102

Rare

VU

55.               

Lathyrus libanii Fritsch.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik-Kansiz place, Forest inside, 1350-1400m., 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1103

Endemic

VU

56.               

Trifolium davisii Hossain.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Forest inside, 1350-1400m., 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1130

Endemic

VU

Family: Fagaceae

 

 

57.               

Quercus macranthera Fisch. et Mey. ex Hohen. subsp. syspirensis (C. Koch) Menitsky*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hanifemezari Hill, çikis roadna bakan slopelar, 1450-1550 m, 12.07.2003, Zeynalov 1295

Endemic

LR (lc)

58.               

Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. subsp. pinnatiloba (C. Koch) Menitsky*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar-Burunsuz place, Slope, 1800-1850 m, 12.07.2003, Zeynalov 1296

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Guttiferae

 

 

59.               

Hypericum aviculariifolium Jaub. Et Spach subsp. uniflorum (Boiss. Et Heldr) Robson*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Biledik valley, Havsu Hill foots, Forest Side, Open place, 1300-1400 m, 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1674

Endemic

LR (cd)

60.               

Hypericum polyphyllum Boiss. Bal. subsp lycium Robson et Hub.-Mor.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Forest Below, rocky place, 1550-1650 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1627

Endemic

LR (cd)

Family: Iridaceae

 

 

61.               

Gladiolus antekiensis A.P Hamilton*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz place, Slope, 1350-1400m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1163

Rare

VU

Family: Lamiaceae

 

 

62.               

Lamium eriocephalum Bentham subsp. eriocephalum Bentham*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  place, Open place, 1450-1550 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1529

Endemic

LR (cd)

63.               

Lamium garganicum L. subsp. nepetifolium (Boiss) R. Mill.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Forest inside, 1400-1500m., 22.06.2002, Zeynalov 1016

Endemic

LR (lc)

64.               

Marribium globosum Montbret et Aucher ex. Bentham. subsp. globosum Montbret et Aucher ex. Bentham.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Road Side,1500-1550m, 13. 09.2001, Zeynalov 1007

Endemic

LR (lc)

65.               

Nepeta caesarea Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Field Side, 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1469

Endemic

LR (nt)

66.               

Origanum amanum Post.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  place, 1450-1550 m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1114

Endemic

LR (cd)

67.               

Phlomis armeniaca Willd.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Forest inside, 1400-1500m., 22.06.2002, Zeynalov 1017

Endemic

LR (lc)

68.               

Phlomis longifolia Boiss. et Bl. var. bailanica (Vierh.) Hub.-Mor.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Tandir Village, Road Side, 600-650 m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1118

Endemic

LR (cd)

69.               

Salvia aramiensis Rech. Fil.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare foots, Slope-Open place, 1500-1550m, 23.06.2003, Zeynalov 1250

Rare

VU

70.               

Salvia aucheri Bentham. var. aucheri Bentham*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill place, Forest inside, 1400-1500m, 22.06.2002, Zeynalov 1018

Endemic

VU

71.               

Salvia euphratica Montbret et Aucher ex. Bentham. var. euphratica Montbret et Aucher ex. Bentham.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau  Road Side, 1450-1500m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1180

Endemic

LR (cd)

72.               

Salvia pilifera Montbret et Aucher ex Bentham,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Forest inside, 1400-1500m., 22.06.2002, Zeynalov 1019

Endemic

LR (lc)

73.               

Satureja amani P. H. Davis*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  Place, rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1540

Endemic

CR

74.               

Scutellaria salviifolia Bentham*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare South yamaci, 1500-1550m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1182

Endemic

LR (lc)

75.               

Stachys cretica L. subsp. mersianea (Boiss.) Rech. Fil.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik place, Road Side, 1400-1500m, 22. 06.2002, Zeynalov 1022

Endemic

LR (lc)

76.               

Stachys petrokosmos Rech. Fil.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place,  1500-1600 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1544

Endemic

DD

77.               

Teucrium paederotoides Boiss. Et Hausskin,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Forest Side Rocky place, 1600-1700 m, 12.06.2005, Zeynalov 1546

Endemic

EN

Family: Liliaceae

 

 

78.               

Allium karamanoglui Koyuncu et Kollmann*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Tandir Village-Plateau arasi, Road Side, 1600-1650m, 20.04.2004, Zeynalov 1346

Endemic

EN

79.               

Asparagus cooidei P.H. Davis*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill place, Havsu Hill, Slope, 1500-1550m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1141

Endemic

EN

80.               

Bellevalia modesta Wendelbo*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Forest Side, 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1431

Endemic

LR (cd)

81.               

Fritillaria alfredae Post subsp. glaucoviridis (Turrill) Rix*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring Place, Open place, 1500-1600 mi 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1449

Endemic

VU

82.               

Fritillaria hermonis Fenzl. subsp. amana Rix*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley road sides, Road Side-slope, 1350-1400m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1090

Rare

VU

83.               

Hyacinthus orientalis L. subsp. chionophilus Wendelbo,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  Place, rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 05.03.2005, Zeynalov 1407

Endemic

LR (nt)

84.               

Muscari aucheri (Boiss.) Baker*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hamo Hill, Forest road, 1500-1600 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1468

Endemic

LR (lc)

85.               

Tulipa armena Boiss var. lycica (Baker) Marais*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1494

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Malvaceae

 

 

86.               

Alcea apterocarpa (Fenzl) Boiss,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Slope-Open place, 1650-1700m, 12.07.2003, Zeynalov 1266

Endemic

LR (lc)

87.               

Kitaibelia bplacesae Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hamo Hill  Road Side-slope, 1600-1650m, 13. 09.2002, Zeynalov 1056

Rare

EN

Family: Oleaceae

 

 

88.               

Fraxinus ornus L. subsp. cilicica (Lingelsh.) Yalt.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik-Kansiz valley place, Yaprak döken Forestda, 1450-1500 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1162

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Orchidaceae

 

 

89.               

Cephplacethera kotschyana Renz et Taub.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare South foots, Konifer Forest Below, 1600-1650m, 23.06.2003, Zeynalov 1244

Endemic

LR (lc)

90.               

Dactylorhiza osmanica (KL.) Soo var. osmanica (KL.) Soo*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  Place, rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1669

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Papaveraceae

 

 

91.               

Corydalis oppositifolia DC. subsp. oppositifolia*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hamo Hill, Forest Side, 1650-1750 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1574

Endemic

LR (lc)

92.               

Corydalis rutifolia (Sibth. Et SM.) DC. subsp. kurdica Cullen et Davis*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill  place, Open rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 30.04.2006, Zeynalov 1575

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Plumbaginaceae

 

 

93.               

Acantholimon libanoticum Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Yaglipinar Bare, Tragakantik step, 1950-2000 m, 27.09.2002, Zeynalov 1057

Rare

VU

94.               

Acantholimon venestum Boiss. var. assyriacum (Boiss.) Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place, Havsu Hill foots, Open place, 1500-1600 m, 23.09.2006, Zeynalov 1697

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Poaceae

 

 

95.               

Crithopsis delieana (Schultes) Rashev,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center,, Road Side, 22.06.2003, Zeynalov 1212

Rare

VU

96.               

Poa speluncarum Edmondson*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Forest Side Open place, 1400-1500 m, 14.06.2004, Zeynalov 1390

Endemic

EN

97.               

Triticum dicoccoides (Koern.) Koern. in Litt. ex Schweinf.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, field Side, 1400-1500 m, 22.06.2003, Zeynalov 1239

Rare

VU

Family: Primulaceae

 

 

98.               

Cyclamen hederifolium Aiton*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran Spring place, Havsu Hill foots, Forest Side, 1500-1600 m, 20.04.2004, Zeynalov 1352

Rare

VU

Family: Ranunculaceae

 

 

99.               

Delphinium fissum Waldst et Kit. subsp. anatolicum Chowdhuri et Davis*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 30.06.2002, Zeynalov 1028

Endemic

LR (lc)

100.           

Helleborus vesicarius Aucher.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Road Side, Forest inside, 100-1100m., 30.06.2002, Zeynalov 1035

Endemic

LR (nt)

Family: Rhamnaceae

 

 

101.           

Rhamnus petiolaris Boiss.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz valley-Bileydik valley Kesiftigi Place, South slopelar, 1300-11350 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1177

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Rosaceae

 

 

102.           

Cerasus mahaleb (L.) Miller var. alpina Browicz.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik-Kansiz valley place, Valley Side, 1350-1400 m, 07.06.2003, Zeynalov 1714

Endemic

VU

103.           

Potentilla buccoana Clem.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, 3 Hill place, rocky place, 1600-1650m, 22.06.2003, Zeynalov 1226

Endemic

VU

104.           

Potentilla calycina Boiss et Bal.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1646

Endemic

LR (lc)

105.           

Prunus cocomilia T.en var. cocomilia Ten*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kansiz Valley, Valley Side, Open place, 1300-1350 m, 23.06.2003, Zeynalov 1246

Rare

VU

106.           

Rosa sicula Tratt*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Hanife Hill-South slope, Rocky, 1550-1600 m, 24.06.2003, Zeynalov 1260

Rare

DD

Family: Rutaceae

 

 

107.           

Haplophyllum myrtifolium Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 27.05.2006, Zeynalov 1624

Endemic

LR (lc)

Family: Scrophulariaceae

 

 

108.           

Linaria genistifolia (L) Miller subsp. praealta (Boiss) Davis,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Road Side, 1400-1500 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1465

Endemic

LR (nt)

109.           

Scrophularia hyssopifolia Boiss et Hausskn*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill Place, rocky place, 1450- 1550 m, 30.06.2002, Zeynalov 1048

Endemic

DD

110.           

Scrophularia scopolii [Hoppe ex] Pers var. nusairiensis (Post) Lall.,

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kalaycibatiran spring place, Back Hill Forest Side, rocky place, 1550-1650 m, 28.05.2006, Zeynalov 1690

Rare

DD

111.           

Verbascum freynii (Sint) Mark.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Open place, 1400-1500 m, 17.09.2001, Zeynalov 1012

Endemic

VU

112.           

Verbascum gaillardotii Boiss.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill Place, Open rocky place, 1450-1550 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1498

Rare

VU

113.           

Verbascum prusianum Boiss*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center Open place, 1550-1650 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1499

Endemic

LR (cd)

114.           

Verbascum songaricum Schrenk ex Fisch. et Mey subsp. subdecurrens Hub- Mor.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Three Hill place, slope field inside-Open place, 1550-1600 m, 20.04.2004, Zeynalov 1366

Endemic

LR (lc)

115.           

Veronica bplacesae Stroh.*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kabaklik-Kansiz place, Road Side, 1350-1400m, 17.05.2003, Zeynalov 1133

Endemic

LR (lc)

116.           

Veronica dichrus Schoott et Kotcshy*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Plateau Center, Field Side, 1450-1500m, 30.06.2002, Zeynalov 1054

Endemic

LR (nt)

117.           

Veronica polifolia Bentham*

C6, Gaziantep, Islahiye, Huzurlu Plateau, Kokarca Foots, Forest Side, Open rocky place, 1550-1650 m, 13.05.2005, Zeynalov 1501

Rare

VU

 

Concerning the distribution of taxa, Fabaceae is the largest family; following by Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Scrophulariaceae and Liliaceae, respectively. Even though, with the number of the taxa, the largest family in the investigated area was determined to be the Fabaceae, it recedes to forth according to the variety of genera. Lamiaceae is represented in the research area.                           

On the other hand, 101 of 120 plants are new records for Gaziantep province. Because of lack of knowledge about the investigated area, it is very necessary to be conducted scientific studies on the determined area. According to the ICUN categories, Ferula amanicola Hub.-Mor and Kitaibelia balansae Boiss which are EN, were introduced and protected in the Botanic Garden of Gaziantep University.


Figure 1: The Topographic Map for the Research Area

 



Figure 2: The percentage distribution of endemics and rare plants

Figure 3: The Distirbution of endemics and rare plants according to IUCN categoris (Ekim, 2000)

Huzurlu Plateau has the rich plantation especially the rich endemics, for this reason it is necessary to protect its richness of the vegetation by its transforming to a National Park. When the authors [2, 19, 20] taken into consideration, knowledge of plants identified earlier has been listed together with those identified in the present study.   

 


Figure 4: The distirbution of collected plants accordint to phytogeographic regions