I'll
start with the most important. My wish experimenters. In his statement in
detail describe the conditions of the experiment. When negligent description of
the experiment created by theory is often incorrect. If, in the course of the
experiment, something went wrong, please note, can you stand at the threshold
of the opening! History knows many such cases. For example, the opening of the
induction of electric currents, or the discovery of X-rays by Röntgen. There
are a great many such stories.
It
is well known that the experiment will always say yes or no. Theory only will
say "maybe." Experiment always requires time and investment. Enough
theory to simply lie back on the couch. For the experiment often requires
sophisticated ingenuity. The theory relies on the same fundamental laws, for
example, the theory of relativity or quantum mechanics. However, the direct
applicability of fundamental laws is often impossible due to the mathematical
difficulties. Me in my scientific activity, to describe the results of
measurements be used various ways to address emerging challenges. Briefly
describe some of them.
Method 1 - decomposition of
thermodynamic functions in a number of small parameter. In connection with the
discovery of the Lake Baikal ice giant rings. I have developed the theory of
education of a giant rotating convection column of water in the form of the
toroidal core of education. This rotation allows you to convey to the upper
layers of water heat from bottom source of heat, which causes convective rotation
[DOI: 10.1134/S1063784213110054]. Ice begins to slightly melt. This leads to a
decrease in ice thickness, which is noticeable from the near-Earth orbits as a
giant rings. Here arose the task of heat distribution in the thickness of ice.
For this task I spread in several thickness and minimized its free energy. In
doing so, it turned out that the resulting. Act of thinning ice is already
known, and is called the law of Stephen - growth or thinning of ice depends on
the square root of time.
Method 2 – attracting large-scale
invariance. When electromagnetic waves propagation in inhomogeneous many values
are dependent on medium apart sedate way. For a description of the power
patterns there are two methods. The first one is percolation, when you enter the
set power indicators. The second method -theoretic-field, which lets you set
the power scorecard to reduce to two arbitrary. However, B. Mandelbrot coined
the generic power indicator - fractal dimension. This means that to describe
the scale-invariant processes the remaining two arbitrary power indicator must
be expressed through one fractal dimensionality. To solve this problem I've
scaled them spatial coordinate and time. In doing so, had to introduce special
power indicator, which is called the dimension of wandering. This indicator
describes the wanderings of electromagnetic waves in inhomogeneous medium. Left
to express the dimension of wandering through fractal dimension structure of
heterogeneous medium. That for electromagnetic processes the product dimension
of wandering and fractal dimension of strictly equal to 1.
Applying
the developed an extensive theory to the equations of Maxwell, managed to
describe the huge experimental material. All these results in addition to
journal articles collected in my book [http://ipms.bscnet.ru/publications/src/2013/FractGeomet.pdf], that, unfortunately,
available only in Russian.
Method 3 – guessing the functional
regularities directly from experimental results. As is well known, from
astronomical observations for the lensing effect fluctuations of the CMB and
the accelerated expansion of the universe were discovered dark matter and dark
energy. In addition, starting from 30 years of the last century, since Zwicky,
it was found that the rotation of galaxies is not subject to the law of Kepler
- square radius of orbit is proportional to the cube of the rotation period. It
turns out that the central part of the galaxies rotating as a solid body rotation
speed is directly proportional to the distance from the center of the Galaxy.
Further, according to the law of Kepler, rotational speed must decrease with
distance from the Center. However from observation it was determined that the
rotational speed remains almost constant, experiencing small fluctuations. To
describe a new pattern, size dimension weight painted in three parts. The first one is normal weight, the second
term describes the dark matter. The third term, directly proportional to the distance
from the center of the Galaxy, called dark energy. Just a suggestion that dark
energy is directly proportional to the distance from the center of the Galaxy
and allows you to describe the observed rotation of galaxies.
The
methods discussed show that researchers need a thorough description of the
experiment. Only in this case it is possible to create a good theory.
As you know, the purpose of
the research work is obtaining new knowledge. Only in this case you may receive
investment, production, and create new devices, to facilitate our lives. This
is the most noble goal of work - facilitating the lives of millions of people
and their communication with each other.