E.Andreas1,2,3, Ali Mujahid1,3 , Attia Youssef1, Seidi Armin1
1 Department of Medical Biotechnology, IMC UAS Krems (3500) International Campus Piaristengasse Austria. 2 Department of Genetics,University of Cambridge (CB2 3EH ),United Kingdom
Keywords: K-RAS, Mutation, Tumorigenesis, EGFR, Metastasis, Monoclonal Antibody

A mutated K-RAS gene is the originator of several characters of colorectal cancer among them tumor initiation, growth, survival, metastasis formation and even immune response. Thus; the aim of our experiments is to establish if the tumor samples express the K-RAS mutation before starting the monoclonal antibody-based therapy. Otherwise it makes no sense to block the receptor binding site if the signaling cascade is independent of the binding of the ligand to the receptor. Colorectal cancer, a cancer resulting from uncontrolled cell growth in the colon or rectum is the fourth most common cause of cancer death. The stage of its development affects the method of treatment of this disease. A prominent method to treat this type of cancer is the blockage of the EGFR by monoclonal antibodies. This kind of approach however seems only to be efficient as long as there is no mutation of K-Ras, a GTPase thought to play an important role at an early stage of the development of colorectal cancer. In case of a mutation in the RAS protein, the Ras GTPase is activated to such an extent that the subsequent over activation of downstream signaling pathways leads to tumor genesis.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
First Page:244
Last Page:248
Publisher Id:JAppPharm (2012 ). 4. 244-248
Article History:
Received:July 15, 2012
Accepted:September 21, 2012
Collection year:2012
First Published:October 1, 2012

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Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Marburg, Germany


Welcome to the research group of Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck in Marburg. Cornelia M. Keck is a pharmacist and obtained her PhD in 2006 from the Freie Universität (FU) in Berlin. In 2009 she was appointed as Adjunct Professor for Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Nanotechnology at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and in 2011 she obtained her Venia legendi (Habilitation) at the Freie Universität Berlin and was appointed as a Professor for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics at the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern. Since 2016 she is Professor of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. Her field of research is the development and characterization of innovative nanocarriers for improved delivery of poorly soluble actives for healthcare and cosmetics. Prof. Keck is executive board member of the German Association of Nanotechnology (Deutscher Verband Nanotechnologie), Vize-chairman of the unit „Dermocosmetics“ at the German Society of Dermopharmacy, active member in many pharmaceutical societies and member of the BfR Committee for Cosmetics at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: J App Pharm
Frequency: Annual 
Current Volume: 9 (2017)
Next scheduled volume: December, 2018 (Volume 10)
Back volumes: 1-9
Starting year: 2009
Nature: Online 
Submission: Online  
Language: English

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