TO DETERMINE THE CONCERN OF FEMALES OF KARACHI TOWARDS THEIR BONE HEALTH
Humera Khatoon, Sobia Javed, Sidra Jilani, Qurat-Ul-Ain Shams
Faculty of Pharmacy Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: Osteoporosis, Dietary pattern, BMD test, Risk factors, postmenopausal.
Background: Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens the bones to the limit that they become fragile and break easily. It is usually thought that osteoporosis is an unavoidable part of aging but good lifestyle habits can help us protect our bones and decrease our chance of getting osteoporosis. Since women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than men because of multiple reasons, the study was conducted to assess prevalence of risk factors among studied groups which can help guide early intervention.
Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the concern of bone health among females of Karachi and to analyze their dietary habits. Through this research, our principal outcome was to specify the forces which ultimately leads to the disrupt bone matters, determination of outcomes regarding female health and reduce burden of risks among them.
Method: For this purpose a survey with questionnaire was scrutinized including a total sample size of 150, grouped into premenopausal and postmenopausal females. Interviews were conducted regarding their dietary pattern, drug history and Bone Mineral Density test (BMD) histories.
Results: The datashowed that 86% of the participants were not even aware of BMD test and its significance while only 14% of participants were aware of BMD test but none of them had it done in their whole life. Results also showed that frequency of taking calcium supplements, milk or other dairy products is very low among studied groups whereas soft drink, caffeinated products and chocolate are consumed as their routine diet.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the females of Karachi mostly are not concerned about their bone health and bone related issues.
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