Humera Khatoon, Sobia Javed, Sidra Jilani, Qurat-Ul-Ain Shams
Faculty of Pharmacy Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: Osteoporosis, Dietary pattern, BMD test, Risk factors, postmenopausal.

Background: Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens the bones to the limit that they become fragile and break easily. It is usually thought that osteoporosis is an unavoidable part of aging but good lifestyle habits can help us protect our bones and decrease our chance of getting osteoporosis. Since women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than men because of multiple reasons, the study was conducted to assess prevalence of risk factors among studied groups which can help guide early intervention. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the concern of bone health among females of Karachi and to analyze their dietary habits. Through this research, our principal outcome was to specify the forces which ultimately leads to the disrupt bone matters, determination of outcomes regarding female health and reduce burden of risks among them. Method: For this purpose a survey with questionnaire was scrutinized including a total sample size of 150, grouped into premenopausal and postmenopausal females. Interviews were conducted regarding their dietary pattern, drug history and Bone Mineral Density test (BMD) histories. Results: The datashowed that 86% of the participants were not even aware of BMD test and its significance while only 14% of participants were aware of BMD test but none of them had it done in their whole life. Results also showed that frequency of taking calcium supplements, milk or other dairy products is very low among studied groups whereas soft drink, caffeinated products and chocolate are consumed as their routine diet. Conclusion: It is concluded that the females of Karachi mostly are not concerned about their bone health and bone related issues.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
First Page:24
Last Page:36
Publisher Id:19204159.7:1.2015
Article History:
Received:November 2, 2014
Accepted:November 14,2014
Collection year:2014
First Published:January 1, 2015

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Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Marburg, Germany


Welcome to the research group of Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck in Marburg. Cornelia M. Keck is a pharmacist and obtained her PhD in 2006 from the Freie Universität (FU) in Berlin. In 2009 she was appointed as Adjunct Professor for Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Nanotechnology at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and in 2011 she obtained her Venia legendi (Habilitation) at the Freie Universität Berlin and was appointed as a Professor for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics at the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern. Since 2016 she is Professor of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. Her field of research is the development and characterization of innovative nanocarriers for improved delivery of poorly soluble actives for healthcare and cosmetics. Prof. Keck is executive board member of the German Association of Nanotechnology (Deutscher Verband Nanotechnologie), Vize-chairman of the unit „Dermocosmetics“ at the German Society of Dermopharmacy, active member in many pharmaceutical societies and member of the BfR Committee for Cosmetics at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

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Abbreviation: J App Pharm
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Current Volume: 9 (2017)
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Starting year: 2009
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