osteopenia is not considered as a disease but the risk to develop osteoporosis.
It is sort of a warning sign to evoke osteoporosis in near future and describes
low bone density.The most prominent test to diagnose osteopenia is BMD test
because if bone density loss increases
osteoporosis may develop .
results analyzed, as shown in Figure 15, clearly signifies that 82%
of the individuals were not involved in any such test in their whole life,
while, only 32% of the people were known about these terms but they also had
this test done but not diagnosed with such any disorder, and 14% showed that
they were not known and not concern about these terms and BMD test.
can be included in the conclusive analysis of the survey that major portion of
the total sample observed were not even concern about their bone health, and
bone related issues. Most of the women, who took part in the survey depicted
total negligence towards the bone concerning matters, regardless of fact that a
healthy women leads a healthy family.
conclude that, decreasecalcium and vitamin Dintake, either from your diet,
supplements, or less sunlight exposure can increase the risk for osteoporosis
.Calcium and vitamin D are especially important for bone health.Most modifiable
risk factors directly impact bone biology and result in a decrease in bone
mineral density (BMD), but some of them also increase the risk of fracture independently
of their effect on bone. These include, Alcohol/ smoking, low body mass index,
poor nutrition, vitamin D deficiency, eating disorders, insufficient exercise,
low dietary calcium intake, excessive radiation exposures.
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