CONDITIONS, FREQUENCIES, AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS LEADING SELF MEDICATION PRACTICE IN SARGODHA AREA OF PUNJAB PAKISTAN
Sonia Imtiaz, Nabila Abdus Salam, Kamran
Faculty of Pharmacy, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 Pakistan
Keywords: Self medication, OTC, irrational drugs use
Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence, attitude, awareness and practice of self medication amongst students of Sargodha University, Pakistan. Methods: A descriptive cross –sectional study was conducted in the period from the beginning of January 2013 to April 2013 in Sargodha University, Pakistan. Convenience sample was selected. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: The prevalence rate of self medication in study participants was found up to 83% that is 249/300. High prevalence rates of self medication were seen in conditions of common cold(87%), headache(82%) and other pains(83%), hence most commonly used medications were paracetamol (83%), other NSAIDS (67%), Antibiotics(50%) and vitamins(60%).High consultation cost (75%), minor illness cases(93%), having previous experience (70%), time shortage (59%), friend’s advice to take medicine (77%) are the main factors & 48% participants indulge in this practice due to easily availability of all drugs from drug stores w/o prescription , 59% found it convenient to use this practice and 75% (N=225) participants had no awareness about complications of medicines that are consumed w/o professional consultation. we found that there was no prominent difference of self medication practice in males and females and in different age groups and among different departments. Conclusion: Prevalence rate of self medication is alarming in university students. Thus further work should be done on larger scale and strict policies should be intimated to address this problem and give awareness to individuals about medication use.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2013
Volume:5
First Page:151
Last Page:158
Publisher Id:JAppPharm (2013 ). 5. 151-158
Article History:
Received:June 21, 2013
Accepted:September 11, 2013
Collection year:2013
First Published:October 1, 2013


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Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Marburg, Germany

Bibliography

Welcome to the research group of Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck in Marburg. Cornelia M. Keck is a pharmacist and obtained her PhD in 2006 from the Freie Universität (FU) in Berlin. In 2009 she was appointed as Adjunct Professor for Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Nanotechnology at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and in 2011 she obtained her Venia legendi (Habilitation) at the Freie Universität Berlin and was appointed as a Professor for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics at the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern. Since 2016 she is Professor of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. Her field of research is the development and characterization of innovative nanocarriers for improved delivery of poorly soluble actives for healthcare and cosmetics. Prof. Keck is executive board member of the German Association of Nanotechnology (Deutscher Verband Nanotechnologie), Vize-chairman of the unit „Dermocosmetics“ at the German Society of Dermopharmacy, active member in many pharmaceutical societies and member of the BfR Committee for Cosmetics at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: J App Pharm
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/19204159
Frequency: Annual 
Current Volume: 9 (2017)
Next scheduled volume: December, 2018 (Volume 10)
Back volumes: 1-9
Starting year: 2009
Nature: Online 
Submission: Online  
Language: English

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