STUDY OF PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTIC IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH PNEUMONIA
Khaja Moinuddin, MA Altaf, Githa kishore
1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Viveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bangalore. 1. Department of Pharmaceutics, IBNSINA National medical college, Jeddah KSA 2. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Viveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bangalore.
Keywords: Pediatrics; Pneumonia; Antibiotics.
Abstract

Pneumonia is a lower respiratory tract infection that specially affects the lungs and is caused by micro-organisms. Pneumonia kills more children than any other illness, more than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. To study the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in pneumonia in pediatric patients. A prospective study was conducted for nine months in inpatients of pediatric department of KIMS hospital and research centre, Bangalore. The review of treatment charts, patient’s parents/caregiver interview was conducted to collect the data pertaining to study of prescribing pattern of antibiotics used in the treatment of pneumonia. The collected data was analyzed by the descriptive statistical analysis. In this study, out of 105 patients 62 were males and 43 females.(43%) of inpatients were less then one year in age and 72 patients were not completely immunized. 61 patient diagnosed as pneumonia representing consolidation and 44 with bronchopneumonia. 43% Amox-clav and i.v Ceftriaxone 36% were commonly prescribed antibiotic pneumonia. 73 patients prescribed with single antibiotic. 54% Ceftriaxone was prescribed as empirical antibiotic. Pneumonia is most commonly seen in children who were with incompletely immunized. More male children suffered from pneumonia than females. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic was i.v Amox-clav in patients representing consolidation and i.v Ceftriaxone in bronchopneumonia. Ceftriaxone was the commonly prescribed as empirical antibiotic. Patients who received therapy with cephalosporin derivatives (Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime) had the lower mean duration of hospital stay, less than 7 days

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2012
Volume:4
First Page:204
Last Page:211
Publisher Id:JAppPharm (2012 ). 4. 204-211
Article History:
Received:April 12, 2012
Accepted:May 27, 2012
Collection year:2012
First Published:July 1, 2012


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Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Marburg, Germany

Bibliography

Welcome to the research group of Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck in Marburg. Cornelia M. Keck is a pharmacist and obtained her PhD in 2006 from the Freie Universität (FU) in Berlin. In 2009 she was appointed as Adjunct Professor for Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Nanotechnology at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and in 2011 she obtained her Venia legendi (Habilitation) at the Freie Universität Berlin and was appointed as a Professor for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics at the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern. Since 2016 she is Professor of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. Her field of research is the development and characterization of innovative nanocarriers for improved delivery of poorly soluble actives for healthcare and cosmetics. Prof. Keck is executive board member of the German Association of Nanotechnology (Deutscher Verband Nanotechnologie), Vize-chairman of the unit „Dermocosmetics“ at the German Society of Dermopharmacy, active member in many pharmaceutical societies and member of the BfR Committee for Cosmetics at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: J App Pharm
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/19204159
Frequency: Annual 
Current Volume: 9 (2017)
Next scheduled volume: December, 2018 (Volume 10)
Back volumes: 1-9
Starting year: 2009
Nature: Online 
Submission: Online  
Language: English

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