EFFECT OF COATING MATERIAL ON THE AERODYNAMIC PARTICLE SIZE
DISTRIBUTION (PSD) OF OXIS TURBOHALER® USING MIXING INLET WITH
AN ANDERSEN CASCADE IMPACTOR (ACI)
Mohammad Yousuf Khan1, 2* Maria Qureshi3, Taha Nazir2, 4, Nisar-ur-Rahman5, M Khan6
1. Division of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Science, School of Applied Sciences,
University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH, UK
2. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 Pakistan
3. Department of Special Education, University of The Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
4. Intellectual Consortium of Drug Discovery & Technology Development, Saskatoon
5. Faculty of Pharmacy & Alternative Medicines, Islamia University of Bahawalpur,
6. School of Pharmacy, University of Alberta, Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Keywords: The aim of the present study was to explore the potential effect of the coating material on the aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) of formoterol from Oxis Turbohaler® using mixing inlet with Andersen Cascade Impactor (ACI) operated at flow rate of 60 Lmin-1. As the aerodynamic properties of the emitted dose from a dry powder inhaler (DPI) are usually flows dependent but have not been calibrated for low flow rates at yet. We have used novel methodology to measure these at even low
flow of 28.3 Lmin-1. The Andersen Cascade Impactor (ACI) designed for 60 Lmin-1 was adapted to include a mixing inlet (MIXINLET) which allows inhalation flows through the DPI from 5 to 60 Lmin-1. The mean (SD) Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter (MMAD) for no coating, silicone, 100% and 50% glycerin, 100% and 50% propylene glycol was 2.17 ± (0.06), 1.40 ± (1.23), 2.00 ± (0.42), 2.10 ± (0.10), 3.20 ± (0.00) and 3.17 ± (0.06) µm respectively. The geometric standard deviation (GSD)
values for no coating, silicone, 100% and 50% glycerin, 100% and 50% PEG were 1.70, 0.90, 2.30, 2.53, 1.80 and 1.83 respectively. The mean ± (SD) fine particle dose (FPD) for no coating, silicone, 100% and 50% glycerin, 100% and 50% PPG was 32.31 ± (8.19), 21.69 ± (18.83), 21.13 ± (0.06), 3.86 ± (0.10) and 2.55 ± (0.05) respectively. The one way ANOVA with the application of Bonferroni’s correction
was used to compare the aerodynamic droplet characteristics of the formoterol. The results indicate a significant difference between aerodynamic PSD when different coating materials were used. The MMAD was highest for PPG making it a suitable coating agent compared to other coating materials.
Coating material, Particle size distribution, ACI, Turbohaler, Formoterol.