awareness of the respondents concerning the disease revealed that although most
(78%) of them were familiar with Congo viral fever. In Table: 2 the response of
the participants was analyzed about CCHF. About 60 % of the respondents had
knowledge that it is a viral disease.
The Sources of information of
these respondents regarding CCHF were as follows 35%, TV broadcasts, 23%
teachers and about half, 50% get knowledge from the internet and print media.
Generally half of the respondents (52%) had knowledge that Congo viral
infection is a contagious and dangerous disease, but a large number about (37%)
did not have any knowledge about it. The awareness about the main source of
virus transmission showed that participants had information about the role of ticks
(23.33%) in the disease transmission. Some respondents (29.33%) think that
close contact with the patient must be an important source of disease
transmission. While a great number of them (24.67%) do not have proper
knowledge about its source. The respondents had knowledge about sign and
symptom which shows that 73% people thought that fever is the only other
symptoms showed that bleeding from all over the body (68%) is an important sign
of change infection. The majority of the participants, 82% had awareness that
fever, muscle pain, myalgia bleeding from the body and headache are the most
seen signs and symptoms of Congo viral infection. When asked the knowledge
about the people at high risk Only 26% of the interviewed personnel believed
that the shepherd was at a high risk for CCHF and other tick-borne diseases29%
respondents thought that The health workers had a high risk others were workers
in slaughter houses and milkman. The knowledge about the prevention measure use
were also analyzed, about (31%) agreed
with the use of insecticides against ticks in animal foods, while 33% agreed
with the use of other control/prevention method and 13% had not any proper
knowledge about the preventive measures.
Our study revealed that the knowledge and attitude of the
local residence of Karachi concerning CCHF (Crimean Congo Hemmorrhagic Fever)
were be insufficient.
The education levels of the respondents were inadequate in term of with their
knowledge about the role of ticks in the disease transmission, awareness of
CCHF and its routes of transmission as well as symptoms of the disease, use of
appropriate clothing for prevention of contact with ticks during the cleaning
of the animal folds, and agreement with spraying of their animal folds against
ticks. This disease can cause fatalities if the
general community, as well as those in high risk jobs, such as nurses,
butchers, veterinarians even the people using freshly butchered meat, are not
be informed and trained adequately. Different levels of training are suggested
based on the risk level for each class of the community; TV/radio broadcasts
may be sufficient for the general public but specialized educational programs
and workshops are recommended for health and veterinary staffs.
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