STUDY OF PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTIC IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH PNEUMONIA
Khaja Moinuddin, MA Altaf, Githa kishore
1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Viveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bangalore.
1. Department of Pharmaceutics, IBNSINA National medical college, Jeddah KSA
2. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Viveswarapura Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Bangalore.
Keywords: Pediatrics; Pneumonia; Antibiotics.
Pneumonia is a lower respiratory tract infection that specially affects the lungs and is caused by micro-organisms. Pneumonia kills more children than any other illness, more than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. To study the prescribing pattern of antibiotics in pneumonia in pediatric patients. A prospective study was conducted for nine months in inpatients of pediatric department of KIMS hospital and research centre, Bangalore. The review of treatment charts, patient’s parents/caregiver interview was conducted to collect the data pertaining to study of prescribing pattern of antibiotics used in the treatment of pneumonia. The collected data was analyzed by the descriptive statistical analysis. In this study, out of 105 patients 62 were males and 43 females.(43%) of inpatients were less then one year in age and 72 patients were not completely immunized. 61 patient diagnosed as pneumonia representing consolidation and 44 with bronchopneumonia. 43% Amox-clav and i.v Ceftriaxone 36% were commonly prescribed antibiotic pneumonia. 73 patients prescribed with single antibiotic. 54% Ceftriaxone was prescribed as empirical antibiotic. Pneumonia is most commonly seen in children who were with incompletely immunized. More male children suffered from pneumonia than females. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic was i.v Amox-clav in patients representing consolidation and i.v Ceftriaxone in bronchopneumonia. Ceftriaxone was the commonly prescribed as empirical antibiotic. Patients who received therapy with cephalosporin derivatives (Ceftriaxone and cefotaxime) had the lower mean duration of hospital stay, less than 7 days
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