A REVIEW OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES (KAP) OF COMMUNITY POPULATION TOWARDS OSTEOPOROSIS
*1Yusra Habib Khan, 1AzmiSarriff, 1Amer Hayat Khan
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia (USM). Pulau Penang 11800 Malaysia.
Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Community, Knowledge, Osteoporosis, Practice
Osteoporosis remains a major global public health concern. A good knowledge and awareness of a disease are pre-requisites for success of preventive measures, modifications in life styles and treatment adherence.Previously, various studies to evaluate knowledge of osteoporosis in different populations have been conducted. Most of these studies assumed that as knowledge regarding a disease increases, attitudes and practices of preventive measures towards that disease change positively. Aim of the article is to review all published articles based on knowledge assessment in different community population and to correlate level of knowledge with significant demographic factors as well as practice of preventive behaviors. The most significant factor that showed direct relation with knowledge of osteoporosis was level of education while most of the studies revealed a weak association between knowledge of osteoporosis and practice of preventive behaviors. In order to evaluate knowledge and practices regarding osteoporosis, a single validated questionnaire should be developed by well-established organizations working for osteoporosis. Secondly factors, other than knowledge, that could affect attitude and practices should be figured out. Focusing on those factors, appropriate multidisciplinary programs to enhance knowledge of osteoporosis in different community populations should be developed.
© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.
You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions
You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits