EVALUATION OF RESIDUAL EFFECT OF FARMYARD MANURE WITH NITROGEN AND PHOSPHOROUS (NP) ON SUCCEEDING MAIZE AFTER WHEAT
WAQAS KHAN KAYANI1*, FAIZA RASHEED2, ADEEL MAHMOOD3, ADIL KHAN KAYANI4
1*Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan 2Department of Agro systems, P.O Box 104, The Swedish University of Agriculture Sciences, SE 230 53, Alnarp, Sweden 3Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan 4Soil and Water Testing Laboratory Kotli, Department of Agriculture Services Directorate of Research, AJK, Pakistan
Keywords: Residual effect, Farmyard manure, NP Fertilizers, Maize, Wheat.
Abstract

In the study, the residual effect of farmyard manure (FYM) given to previous wheat was evaluated on the next maize crop. A three-crop based experiment maize (control)-wheat-maize from summer 2007 (Kharif) to summer 2008 (Kharif) was performed. Standard dose of FYM was given to the field of intermediate wheat crop. Different NP doses were applied in the four treatments. Residual effect of FYM was estimated out on seven parameters viz; plant height (cm), ear height (cm), cob length (cm), grain row/cob, grains/row, 1000 grains weight (gm) and grain yield/plot (kg). All the parameters exhibited significant results after FYM application except grains/row. Except the ear length, replications remained non-significant. Plant height, cob length and grain yield/plot exhibited fairly significant results with different treatments, while other four parameters remained non-significant. No interaction found between treatments, and before and after FYM application except in 1000 grains weight. Overall 21.37% increase in grain yield/plot was observed. We suggest the application of N 90 kg ha-1 + P 60 kg ha-1 (T2) and N 120 kg ha-1 + P 80kg ha-1 (T3) with standard dose of FYM (6000 kg ha-1) on the previous crop to get better yield of upcoming maize crop in arid regions of Pakistan.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:
Year:2011
Volume:3
First Page:389
Last Page:406
Publisher Id:JAppPharm (2011 ). 3. 289-406
Article History:
Received:July 21, 2011
Accepted:October 3, 2011
Collection year:2011
First Published:October 21, 2011


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Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Marburg, Germany

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Welcome to the research group of Prof. Dr. Cornelia M. Keck in Marburg. Cornelia M. Keck is a pharmacist and obtained her PhD in 2006 from the Freie Universität (FU) in Berlin. In 2009 she was appointed as Adjunct Professor for Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Nanotechnology at the University Putra Malaysia (UPM) and in 2011 she obtained her Venia legendi (Habilitation) at the Freie Universität Berlin and was appointed as a Professor for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics at the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern. Since 2016 she is Professor of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics at the Philipps-Universität Marburg. Her field of research is the development and characterization of innovative nanocarriers for improved delivery of poorly soluble actives for healthcare and cosmetics. Prof. Keck is executive board member of the German Association of Nanotechnology (Deutscher Verband Nanotechnologie), Vize-chairman of the unit „Dermocosmetics“ at the German Society of Dermopharmacy, active member in many pharmaceutical societies and member of the BfR Committee for Cosmetics at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR).

Journal Highlights
Abbreviation: J App Pharm
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21065/19204159
Frequency: Annual 
Current Volume: 9 (2017)
Next scheduled volume: December, 2018 (Volume 10)
Back volumes: 1-9
Starting year: 2009
Nature: Online 
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Language: English

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